230 E
  • Model
    W 123 E 23
  • Description
    123.223
  • Production
    10.1979 / 07.1980 - 11.1985
  • production start-up pre-production series / standard production - end of production
  • Combustion principle
    four-stroke petrol (with manifold injection)
  • Configuration
    front, longitudinal; vertical
  • Engine type
    M 102 E 23 / 102.980
  • Number of cylinders / arrangement
    4 / in line; 15° inclination to the right
  • Bore x Stroke
    95.5 x 80.25 mm
  • Total displacement
    2299 cc (tax classification: 2276 cc)
  • Compression ratio
    9.0
  • Rated output
    136 hp / 100 kW at 5100 rpm
  • Rated torque
    205 Nm at 3500 rpm
  • Number of valves / arrangement
    1 intake, 1 exhaust / V-shaped overhead
  • Valve operation
    1 overhead camshaft
  • Camshaft drive
    single roller chain
  • Fuel system
    manifold injection, mechanically controlled (Bosch K-Jetronic)
  • Fuel tank: position / capacity
    above the rear axle / 65 l
  • Frame design
    steel unit body
  • Front-wheel suspension
    double wishbone
  • Rear-wheel suspension
    semi-trailing arm axle (hydropneumatic level control optional)
  • Front springs
    coil springs, supplementary rubber suspension, torsion bar stabiliser
  • Rear springs
    coil springs, supplementary rubber suspension, torsion bar stabiliser
  • Shock absorber front/rear
    telescopic shock absorbers
  • Steering
    recirculating-ball st. (power st. optional, from 09.1982 as standard)
  • Brake system (foot brake)
    hydraulic dual-circuit brake system with vacuum booster, antilock system optional; four-wheel disc brakes
  • Parking brake (hand brake)
    mechanical (foot-operated), acting on rear wheels
  • Wheels
    sheet-steel wheels (light-alloy wheels optional)
  • Wheel rims
    5 1/2 J x 14 H 2
  • Tires
    175 SR 14 88 S
  • Driven wheels
    rear wheels
  • Drivetrain
    divided cardan shaft
  • Gearing
    4-speed manual transmission
  • Availibility
    as standard (until 08.1983)
  • Shifting
    central floor gear shift lever
  • Clutch
    dry single-disc clutch
  • Transmission type
    change-speed gear
  • Gear ratios
    I. 3.91; II. 2.32; III. 1.42; IV. 1.0; R. 3.78
  • Final drive ratio
    3.58
  • Maximum speed
    180 km/h
  • Acceleration 0-100 km/h
    11.5 s
  • Comments
    acceleration by shifting through from 0 - 100 km/h (2 occupants)
  • Fuel consumption
    8.1 / 10.3 / 12.9 l; from 10.1981: 8.2 / 10.3 / 12.7 l
  • by Guideline
    80/1268/EEC: figures apply to 90 km/h / 120 km/h / urban cycle
  • Gearing
    4-speed manual transmission
  • Availibility
    as standard (from 09.1983)
  • Shifting
    central floor gear shift lever
  • Clutch
    dry single-disc clutch
  • Transmission type
    change-speed gear
  • Gear ratios
    I. 3.91; II. 2.17; III. 1.37; IV. 1.0; R. 3.78
  • Final drive ratio
    3.58
  • Maximum speed
    180 km/h
  • Acceleration 0-100 km/h
    11.5 s
  • Comments
    acceleration by shifting through from 0 - 100 km/h (2 occupants)
  • Fuel consumption
    8.1 / 10.3 / 12.9 l; from 10.1981: 8.2 / 10.3 / 12.7 l
  • by Guideline
    80/1268/EEC: figures apply to 90 km/h / 120 km/h / urban cycle
  • Gearing
    5-speed manual transmission
  • Availibility
    option (from 10.1981)
  • Shifting
    central floor gear shift lever
  • Clutch
    dry single-disc clutch
  • Transmission type
    change-speed gear
  • Gear ratios
    I. 3.82; II. 2.20; III. 1.40; IV. 1.0; V. 0.81; R. 3.71
  • Final drive ratio
    3.58
  • Maximum speed
    180 km/h
  • Acceleration 0-100 km/h
    11.5 s
  • Comments
    acceleration by shifting through from 0 - 100 km/h (2 occupants)
  • Fuel consumption
    7.7 / 9.6 / 12.7 l
  • by Guideline
    80/1268/EEC: figures apply to 90 km/h / 120 km/h / urban cycle
  • Gearing
    4-speed automatic transmission
  • Availibility
    option (until 04.1983)
  • Shifting
    central floor gear shift lever
  • Clutch
    dry single-disc clutch
  • Transmission type
    planetary gear system
  • Gear ratios
    I. 3.98; II. 2.39; III. 1.46; IV. 1.0; R. 5.47
  • Final drive ratio
    3.58
  • Maximum speed
    175 km/h
  • Acceleration 0-100 km/h
    12.3 s
  • Comments
    acceleration by shifting through from 0 - 100 km/h (2 occupants)
  • Fuel consumption
    8.6 / 11.0 / 13.1 l; from 10.1981: 8.7 / 10.9 / 12.8 l
  • by Guideline
    80/1268/EEC: figures apply to 90 km/h / 120 km/h / urban cycle
  • Gearing
    4-speed automatic transmission
  • Availibility
    option (from 05.1983)
  • Shifting
    central floor gear shift lever
  • Clutch
    dry single-disc clutch
  • Transmission type
    planetary gear system
  • Gear ratios
    I. 4.25; II. 2.41; III. 1.49; IV. 1.0; R. 5.67
  • Final drive ratio
    3.58
  • Maximum speed
    175 km/h
  • Acceleration 0-100 km/h
    12.3 s
  • Comments
    acceleration by shifting through from 0 - 100 km/h (2 occupants)
  • Fuel consumption
    8.3 / 10.5 / 12.3 l
  • by Guideline
    80/1268/EEC: figures apply to 90 km/h / 120 km/h / urban cycle
  • Wheelbase
    2795 mm
  • Front / rear track
    1488 / 1446 mm
  • Length
    4725 mm
  • Width
    1786 mm
  • Height
    1438 mm
  • Kerb weight
    1360 kg
  • by Guideline
    DIN 70020 (ready to drive, including fuel, spare wheel and tool kit)
  • Gross weight
    1880 kg
  • Units produced
    245,588 saloons
  • Prices
    06.1980: DM 25,221.60
    08.1980: DM 25,696.20
    07.1981: DM 26,588.90
    09.1981: DM 26,724.50
    01.1982: DM 27,459.00
    07.1982: DM 28,125.70
    09.1982: DM 28,944.95
    07.1983: DM 29,201.10
    08.1983: DM 30,153.00
    01.1984: DM 30,859.80
    09.1984: DM 31,749.00
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