240 D
  • Model
    W 123 D 24
  • Description
    123.123
  • Production
    07.1975 / 02.1976 - 11.1985
  • production start-up pre-production series / standard production - end of production
  • Combustion principle
    four-stroke Diesel (with indirect injection)
  • Configuration
    front, longitudinal; vertical
  • Engine type
    OM 616 D 24 / 616.912
  • Number of cylinders / arrangement
    4 / in line
  • Bore x Stroke
    91.0 x 92.4 mm; from 08.1978: 90.9 x 92.4 mm
  • Total displacement
    2404 cc (tax 2376 cc); from 08.1978: 2399 cc (tax 2350 cc)
  • Compression ratio
    21,5
  • Rated output
    65 hp / 48 kW at 4200 rpm;~from 08.1978: 72 hp / 53 kW at 4400 rpm
  • Rated torque
    137 Nm at 2400 rpm
  • Number of valves / arrangement
    1 intake, 1 exhaust / overhead
  • Valve operation
    1 overhead camshaft
  • Camshaft drive
    double roller chain
  • Fuel system
    indirect injection, mechanically controlled; Bosch 4-plunger injection pump
  • Fuel tank: position / capacity
    above the rear axle / 65 l
  • Frame design
    steel unit body
  • Front-wheel suspension
    double wishbone
  • Rear-wheel suspension
    semi-trailing arm axle (hydropneumatic level control optional)
  • Front springs
    coil springs, supplementary rubber suspension, torsion bar stabiliser
  • Rear springs
    coil springs, supplementary rubber suspension, torsion bar stabiliser
  • Shock absorber front/rear
    telescopic shock absorbers
  • Steering
    recirculating-ball st. (power st. optional, from 09.1982 as standard)
  • Brake system (foot brake)
    hydraulic dual-circuit brake system with vacuum booster, antilock system optional from 08.1980; four-wheel disc brakes
  • Parking brake (hand brake)
    mechanical (foot-operated), acting on rear wheels
  • Wheels
    sheet-steel wheels (light-alloy wheels optional from 01.1978)
  • Wheel rims
    5 1/2 J x 14 H 2
  • Tires
    175 SR 14 88 S
  • Driven wheels
    rear wheels
  • Drivetrain
    divided cardan shaft
  • Gearing
    4-speed manual transmission
  • Availibility
    as standard (until 09.1980)
  • Shifting
    central floor gear shift lever
  • Clutch
    dry single-disc clutch
  • Transmission type
    change-speed gear
  • Gear ratios
    I. 3.90; II. 2.30; III. 1.41; IV. 1.0; R. 3.66
  • Final drive ratio
    3.69
  • Maximum speed
    138 km/h; from 08.1978: 143 km/h
  • Acceleration 0-100 km/h
    24.6 s; from 08.78: 22.0 s
  • Comments
    acceleration by shifting through from 0 - 100 km/h (2 occupants)
  • Fuel consumption
    7.4 / 10.9 / 9.5 l
  • by Guideline
    80/1268/EEC: figures apply to 90 km/h / 120 km/h / urban cycle
  • Gearing
    4-speed manual transmission
  • Availibility
    as standard (10.1980 - 08.1983)
  • Shifting
    central floor gear shift lever
  • Clutch
    dry single-disc clutch
  • Transmission type
    change-speed gear
  • Gear ratios
    I. 3.91; II. 2.32; III. 1.42; IV. 1.0; R. 3.78
  • Final drive ratio
    3.69
  • Maximum speed
    143 km/h
  • Acceleration 0-100 km/h
    24.6 s
  • Comments
    acceleration by shifting through from 0 - 100 km/h (2 occupants)
  • Fuel consumption
    7.4 / 10.9 / 9.5 l; from 10.1981: 7.2 / 9.9 / 9.5 l
  • by Guideline
    80/1268/EEC: figures apply to 90 km/h / 120 km/h / urban cycle
  • Gearing
    4-speed manual transmission
  • Availibility
    as standard (from 09.1983)
  • Shifting
    central floor gear shift lever
  • Clutch
    dry single-disc clutch
  • Transmission type
    change-speed gear
  • Gear ratios
    I. 4.23; II. 2.36; III. 1.49; IV. 1.0; R. 4.10
  • Final drive ratio
    3.69
  • Maximum speed
    143 km/h
  • Acceleration 0-100 km/h
    24.6 s
  • Comments
    acceleration by shifting through from 0 - 100 km/h (2 occupants)
  • Fuel consumption
    7.4 / 10.9 / 9.5 l; from 10.1981: 7.2 / 9.9 / 9.5 l
  • by Guideline
    80/1268/EEC: figures apply to 90 km/h / 120 km/h / urban cycle
  • Gearing
    5-speed manual transmission
  • Availibility
    option (from 02.1982)
  • Shifting
    central floor gear shift lever
  • Clutch
    dry single-disc clutch
  • Transmission type
    change-speed gear
  • Gear ratios
    I. 3.82; II. 2.20; III. 1.40; IV. 1.0; V. 0.81; R. 3.71
  • Final drive ratio
    3.69
  • Maximum speed
    143 km/h
  • Acceleration 0-100 km/h
    24.6 s
  • Comments
    acceleration by shifting through from 0 - 100 km/h (2 occupants)
  • Fuel consumption
    6.3 / 8.7 / 9.5 l
  • by Guideline
    80/1268/EEC: figures apply to 90 km/h / 120 km/h / urban cycle
  • Gearing
    4-speed automatic transmission
  • Availibility
    option (until 06.1983)
  • Shifting
    central floor gear shift lever
  • Clutch
    dry single-disc clutch
  • Transmission type
    planetary gear system
  • Gear ratios
    I. 3.98; II. 2.39; III. 1.46; IV. 1.0; R. 5.47
  • Final drive ratio
    3.69
  • Maximum speed
    133 km/h; from 08.1978: 138 km/h
  • Acceleration 0-100 km/h
    27.4 s; from 08.78: 24.7 s
  • Comments
    acceleration by shifting through from 0 - 100 km/h (2 occupants)
  • Fuel consumption
    8.1 / 11.4 / 9.5 l; from 10.1981: 7.7 / 10.6 / 9.5 l
  • by Guideline
    80/1268/EEC: figures apply to 90 km/h / 120 km/h / urban cycle
  • Gearing
    4-speed automatic transmission
  • Availibility
    option (from 07.1983)
  • Shifting
    central floor gear shift lever
  • Clutch
    dry single-disc clutch
  • Transmission type
    planetary gear system
  • Gear ratios
    I. 4.25; II. 2.41; III. 1.49; IV. 1.0; R. 5.67
  • Final drive ratio
    3.69
  • Maximum speed
    138 km/h
  • Acceleration 0-100 km/h
    27.4 s
  • Comments
    acceleration by shifting through from 0 - 100 km/h (2 occupants)
  • Fuel consumption
    7.5 / 10.5 / 9.2 l
  • by Guideline
    80/1268/EEC: figures apply to 90 km/h / 120 km/h / urban cycle
  • Wheelbase
    2795 mm
  • Front / rear track
    1488 / 1446 mm
  • Length
    4725 mm
  • Width
    1786 mm
  • Height
    1438 mm
  • Kerb weight
    1395 kg
  • by Guideline
    DIN 70020 (ready to drive, including fuel, spare wheel and tool kit)
  • Gross weight
    1915 kg
  • Units produced
    448,986 saloons
  • Prices
    01.1976: DM 20,146.50
    02.1977: DM 21,056.70
    01.1978: DM 21,246.40
    04.1978: DM 22,041.60
    08.1978: DM 22,377.60
    12.1978: DM 22,825.60
    05.1979: DM 23,021.60
    01.07.1979: DM 23,227.15
    16.07.1979: DM 23,673.50
    03.1980: DM 24,600.10
    08.1980: DM 25,063.40
    07.1981: DM 25,933.50
    01.1982: DM 26,645.40
    07.1982: DM 27,289.50
    09.1982: DM 28,108.75
    07.1983: DM 28,357.50
    08.1983: DM 29,241.00
    01.1984: DM 29,925.00
    09.1984: DM 30,780.00
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