PKW4171 "Stroke Eight" saloons, Types 200 D - 280 E (114, 115 series), 1968 - 1973

"Stroke Eight" saloons, Types 200 D - 280 E (114, 115 series), 1968 - 1973

At the same time as the 280 S, 280 SE and 280 SL models, in January 1968, a "New Generation" of intermediate-class cars, too, was presented. The original range of model series W 114/115 comprised six models, from the 200 D with 55 hp 4-cylinder Diesel-engine to the 250 with 130 hp 6-cylinder carburettor-engine. The top model, the Type 250, could be distinguished by its exterior from its more profane brethren; it was the only model to sport a double bumper at the front.

The 4-cylinder Types 200 D to 220 were bracketed together in series W 115, while both 6-cylinder models 230 and 250 were assigned to series W 114. The models of the "New Generation" are called "Stroke Eight" models, a reference to the date of their appearance.

The salient feature of the new models from a construction point of view was the so-called "diagonal swing axle". For the first time, a serially produced Mercedes-Benz passenger car was built with a semi-trailing arm axle. Profound work on the development had resulted in a significantly improved driving perfomance, compared to the preceding models, without compromising handling quality.

In November 1968, the new type range of the "New Generation" was rounded off at the upper end by the addition of the two coupé models 250 C and 250 CE. The presentation of these models was also a debut: For the first time, an exclusive coupé version had become available within the intermediate class product line.

Another body version, which was presented in December 1968, possessed even more exclusive character, at least as far as its sales price and the number of units produced is concerned: An eight-seater saloon with a wheelbase that had been extended by 650 mm and three rows of seats. It was available as Type 220 D and 230, and from autumn 1973 as 240 D and 230.6. This version, of which almost 10,000 units were produced, was used primarily by taxi services and travel agencies, air carriers, embassies and public authorities. The share of Diesel-powered cars was particularly high among the eight-seated models - with a share of 78 %, this figure was significantly higher than among the conventional saloons.

In keeping with tradition, saloon and the long version of the saloon were available as chassis with partial bodywork, which were then built into ambulance cars, estates or other special bodies by body makers at home and abroad. Part of the chassis sales programme with a standard wheelbase were the Types 220 D, 220 and 230 and with an extended wheelbase the Types 220 D and 230. The chassis, too, underwent model revision in autumn 1973: the 220 D was replaced by the 240 D and the 220 by the 230.4. The 6-cylinder Type 230 continued to be produced as a 230.6. The ambulance bodies built by the Binz company in Lorch and Miesen company in Bonn were particularly popular. The body makers Pollmann in Bremen, Rappold in Wülfrath, Stolle in Hannover and Welsch in Mayen were the best-known German firms for the production of funeral cars.

In April 1972 the range of saloon models was completed by the Types 280 and 280 E. Both were furnished with a new 2.8-liter 6-cylinder dohc-engine which delivered 160 hp in its carburettor version and 185 hp in its fuel-injection version. The new top models of this series could be distinguished from their less powerful counterparts even without a glance at the type label. Beside the double bumper of the 250 model they were the only saloons of the series with a rear bumper, reaching right up to the rear wheel arches, and with two exhaust tail pipes.

Since the 280 and 280 E had appeared on the market, the 250 was no longer delivered with the former 2.5-liter engine but also with the 2.8-liter unit, which was already familiar from the Type 280 S but was now used in slightly derated form giving 130 hp. The export version of the Type 250 for the United States and Canada had been fitted with this type of engine as early as July 1970.

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    On 7 September 1971, the one millionth diesel passenger car since 1949 rolled off the production line in Sindelfingen, a Mercedes-Benz 200 D / 220 D, W 115.
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    Gegenüber einem vergleichbaren Mittelklassewagen der 1,7-Liter-Klasse mit Benzinmotor spart der Besitzer eines Mercedes-Benz 200 D bei 30.000-km Jahresleistung DM 650 pro Jahr, 1973.
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    press kit 1973
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    Während in den Taxis älterer Baujahre, Mercedes-Benz der Baureihe W 110 (oberes Foto) Funkgerät, UKW-Empfänger und Taxameter nur in dem gefährdeten Kniebereich angeordnet werden konnten, sind diese für den Taxibetrieb notwendigen Zusatzausrüstungen beim Taxi International praxisgerecht und sicher über dem Getriebetunnel angeordnet. Mercedes-Benz Baureihe W 115 (unteres Foto), 1968.
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    press kit 1973
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    Sicherheitsforschung bei Daimler-Benz, 1973 Scheinwerferreinigung: Verschmutzte Strassen (Schneematsch) können bei Nacht die Leuchtkraft der Frontscheinwerfer bis zu 90% herabsetzen. Das aufgebaute Originalmodell: Mercedes-Benz "Strich-Acht" der Baureihe W 114. Die Scheinwerferreinigungsanlage zeigt die Möglichkeit, aufgeschleuderten Schmutz von den Frontleuchten zu entfernen.
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    press kit 1973
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    Safety research at Daimler-Benz, 1973 Original arrangement of seat, automatic safety belt, instrument panel and steering wheel using the example of the Mercedes-Benz model series 114, 115.
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    press kit 1973
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    Mercedes-Benz 250 auf der Einfahrbahn in Untertürkheim, 1968 Die neue Steilwand auf dem Untertürkheimer Versuchsgelände ist in einem Kurvenradius von etwa 60-m untergebracht. Die obere "Leitlinie" der Kurve, die von der Außenkante der Bahn 2,5-m entfernt ist, wurde für eine Freihandgeschwindigkeit von 150-km/h ausgelegt.
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    press kit 1969/1970/1973
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    Mit Hilfe der Elasto-Statik, kurz ESEM genannt, wird durch Gliederung eines Objektes in seiner Gesamtheit in kleine, leicht definierbare Grundelemente, die statische und dynamische Festigkeit des Objektes berechnet. Bei Daimler-Benz wird dieses Verfahren dazu angewendet, bessere und preisgünstigere Konstruktionen zu ermöglichen und die Entwicklungszeiten zu verkürzen, 1968.
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    press kit 1973
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    Sicherheitsforschung bei Daimler-Benz, 1970 "Strich-Acht"-Limousine der Baureihe 114, 115. 100 000-Mal werden in einem Dauerversuch die Türen jedes neuen Mercedes-Benz-Modells über diesen Mechanismus zugeworfen und wieder geöffnet. In die Praxis übersetzt wären das 5000-Tage, also fast 14-Jahre, an denen die Tür jeweils zwanzigmal geöffnet und wieder geschlossen wird. Die Tür selbst und der Rahmen müssen diese Gewaltbeanspruchung anstandslos aushalten.
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    press kit 1973
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    Top version: The Mercedes-Benz 280 and 280 E models from 1972 had a long bumper at the rear as a special feature. Class W 114/W 115
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    Additional picture number: 72109-4 press kit 1972, 1973, 2007
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    Der Doppel-Register-Fallstromvergasermotor M 110 des Mercedes-Benz 280 bzw. 280 C mit Leichtmetall-Zylinderkopf, aus den Jahren 1971 bis 1976.
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    press kit 1972
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    The M110 engine of the Mercedes-Benz 280 E or 280 CE with light alloy cylinder head and D-Jetronic, from the years 1971 to 1976.
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    Press kit 1972, 2000 Additional picture number: 22C0099_005
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    Weight room in the "Stroke Eight": This is where the M 110 engine of the Mercedes-Benz 280 E/280 CE works, equipped with a light-alloy cylinder head and D-Jetronic injection. Class W 114, W 115, 1972 - 1973
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    press kit 1972, 2007
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    Mercedes-Benz 250 Limousine 1967 - 1972
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    press kit 1972
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    Mercedes-Benz 220/220 D Limousine 1968 - 1973
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    press kit 1972
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    Mercedes-Benz 280 E Motor- und Heckansicht aus dem Jahre 1972
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    press kit 1972
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    Mercedes-Benz 250 Limousine am Fischerhafen der Nordseeinsel Norderney, 1968
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    press kit 1968/1970/1971
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    Mercedes-Benz 200 Limousine im bulgarischen Balkangebirge, 1968
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    press kit 1970
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    Mercedes-Benz 220 Limousine im Hochland von Sizilien 1968 - 1973
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    press kit 1970
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    Mercedes-Benz 250 Limousine vor dem Haupteingang der grossen Ausstellungshalle im Prager J. Fuciks Kultur- und Erholungspark 1968
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    press kit 1970
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    Mercedes-Benz 200 (Baureihe 114, 115), 1967
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    press kit 1968/1970
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    Mercedes-Benz 230 Limousine 1968 - 1973
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    press kit 1968/1970
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    Mercedes-Benz 250 Limousine, 1968
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    press kit 1970
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    Mercedes-Benz 4-Zylinder Dieselmotor OM 615 der Baureihe W 115 Einbauausführung 1967
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    press kit 1969
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    Mercedes-Benz 250 Limousine, 1967 - 1972
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    press kit 1969
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    Ein Mercedes-Benz 200 auf der Wedelstrecke des Testgeländes in Untertürkheim. Auf der durch "Hütchen" gekennzeichneten Kurvenstrecke vorbei an den Windmaschinen, die Seitenwinde bis zu 100-km/ h erzeugen, wedelt ein Modell 200, um den Beweis seiner phantastischen Straßenlage zu erbringen.
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    Additional picture number: 68206-93 press kit 1969
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    Mercedes-Benz 200/200 D/220/220 D 1968 - 1973
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    press kit 1969
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    Mercedes-Benz 200/200 D, 220/220 D, 230/250 aus dem Jahr 1967 Die rundum gepolsterte Armaturenanlage
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    press kit 1968
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    Der Motorraum des Mercedes-Benz 230 aus den Jahren 1967 - 1973
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    press kit 1968
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    Mercedes-Benz 200/200 D, 220/220 D, 230/250 aus dem Jahr 1967 Der kompakte Kofferraum
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    Additional picture number: 67252-1 press kit 1968
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    Mercedes-Benz 200/200 D, 220/220 D, 230/250 aus dem Jahr 1967
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    press kit 1968
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    Mercedes-Benz 220 D 7-8 seats or 230 7-8 seats in the taxi version, built from 1968 - 1973
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    press kit 1968
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    Mercedes-Benz 200 D/220 D 1968 - 1973
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    press kit 1968
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    Mercedes-Benz 250 Limousine 1967 - 1972
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    press kit 1968
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    Mercedes-Benz 220 D/220 D/200/220/230 1968 - 1973
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    press kit 1968
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    Mercedes-Benz 250 Limousine, 1967 - 1972 (Vor der Prager Burg auf dem Hradschin)
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    press kit 1968
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    Mercedes-Benz 220/220 D Limousine, 1968 - 1973 (Am Mainufer)
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    press kit 1968
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    Mercedes-Benz 200 D / 220 D and 200 / 220 from 1967. The enlarged exterior rear-view mirror was already used in the 110/111 series and was a distinctive feature of the 114/115 series until 1973. The risk of injury to passers-by is reduced by the mirror extending to parallel with the door surface.
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    press kit 1967/1968
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    Mercedes-Benz 250 Limousine, 1967 - 1972 (Ankunft des Bäderdampfers)
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    press kit 1968
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    Mercedes-Benz 250 Limousine 1967 - 1972 (Vor der Prager Burg auf dem Hradschin)
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    press kit 1968
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    Mercedes-Benz 200/200 D Limousine 1968 - 1973 (Eine Fähre über den Main)
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    press kit 1968
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