PKW4171 "Stroke Eight" saloons, Types 200 D - 280 E (114, 115 series), 1968 - 1973

"Stroke Eight" saloons, Types 200 D - 280 E (114, 115 series), 1968 - 1973

At the same time as the 280 S, 280 SE and 280 SL models, in January 1968, a "New Generation" of intermediate-class cars, too, was presented. The original range of model series W 114/115 comprised six models, from the 200 D with 55 hp 4-cylinder Diesel-engine to the 250 with 130 hp 6-cylinder carburettor-engine. The top model, the Type 250, could be distinguished by its exterior from its more profane brethren; it was the only model to sport a double bumper at the front.

The 4-cylinder Types 200 D to 220 were bracketed together in series W 115, while both 6-cylinder models 230 and 250 were assigned to series W 114. The models of the "New Generation" are called "Stroke Eight" models, a reference to the date of their appearance.

The salient feature of the new models from a construction point of view was the so-called "diagonal swing axle". For the first time, a serially produced Mercedes-Benz passenger car was built with a semi-trailing arm axle. Profound work on the development had resulted in a significantly improved driving perfomance, compared to the preceding models, without compromising handling quality.

In November 1968, the new type range of the "New Generation" was rounded off at the upper end by the addition of the two coupé models 250 C and 250 CE. The presentation of these models was also a debut: For the first time, an exclusive coupé version had become available within the intermediate class product line.

Another body version, which was presented in December 1968, possessed even more exclusive character, at least as far as its sales price and the number of units produced is concerned: An eight-seater saloon with a wheelbase that had been extended by 650 mm and three rows of seats. It was available as Type 220 D and 230, and from autumn 1973 as 240 D and 230.6. This version, of which almost 10,000 units were produced, was used primarily by taxi services and travel agencies, air carriers, embassies and public authorities. The share of Diesel-powered cars was particularly high among the eight-seated models - with a share of 78 %, this figure was significantly higher than among the conventional saloons.

In keeping with tradition, saloon and the long version of the saloon were available as chassis with partial bodywork, which were then built into ambulance cars, estates or other special bodies by body makers at home and abroad. Part of the chassis sales programme with a standard wheelbase were the Types 220 D, 220 and 230 and with an extended wheelbase the Types 220 D and 230. The chassis, too, underwent model revision in autumn 1973: the 220 D was replaced by the 240 D and the 220 by the 230.4. The 6-cylinder Type 230 continued to be produced as a 230.6. The ambulance bodies built by the Binz company in Lorch and Miesen company in Bonn were particularly popular. The body makers Pollmann in Bremen, Rappold in Wülfrath, Stolle in Hannover and Welsch in Mayen were the best-known German firms for the production of funeral cars.

In April 1972 the range of saloon models was completed by the Types 280 and 280 E. Both were furnished with a new 2.8-liter 6-cylinder dohc-engine which delivered 160 hp in its carburettor version and 185 hp in its fuel-injection version. The new top models of this series could be distinguished from their less powerful counterparts even without a glance at the type label. Beside the double bumper of the 250 model they were the only saloons of the series with a rear bumper, reaching right up to the rear wheel arches, and with two exhaust tail pipes.

Since the 280 and 280 E had appeared on the market, the 250 was no longer delivered with the former 2.5-liter engine but also with the 2.8-liter unit, which was already familiar from the Type 280 S but was now used in slightly derated form giving 130 hp. The export version of the Type 250 for the United States and Canada had been fitted with this type of engine as early as July 1970.

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    Mercedes-Benz Typ 220 D lang bzw. 230 lang, 1968
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    Mercedes-Benz Typ 220 D lang bzw. 230 lang, 1968
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    Mercedes-Benz Typ 200, 200 D, 220, 220 D, 230 mit Tabbert-Gouverneur Wohnwagen, 1967 bis 1973
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    Mercedes-Benz Typ 200, 200 D, 220, 220 D, 230 mit Tabbert-Gouverneur Wohnwagen, 1967 bis 1973
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    Mercedes-Benz Typ 230, 1967 bis 1973(Lech am Arlberg)
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    Mercedes-Benz Typ 250, Baureihe 114, 115, aus dem Jahre 1970
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    Mercedes-Benz 250 Limousine aus dem Jahre 1970
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    Mercedes-Benz Typ 280 aus dem Jahre 1972
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    Mercedes-Benz 280 / 280 C M 110 carburettor engine 114 series, 1972
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    Mercedes-Benz Typ 280 bzw. 280 E aus dem Jahre 1971
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    Mercedes-Benz 280 / 280 E The external distinguishing feature of the 280 / 280 E series 114 is the rear bumper extending to the wing.
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    Mercedes-Benz Typ 280 bzw. 280 E aus dem Jahre 1971
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    Mercedes-Benz Typ 280 bzw. 280 E aus dem Jahre 1971
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    Mercedes-Benz Motorraum eines W 114/ W 115, Typ 200 (Motor M 115) aus dem Jahre 1967 bis 1976
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    The M 110 engine of the Mercedes-Benz 280 E / 280 CE with light alloy cylinder head and D- Jetronic, from the years 1971 to 1976.
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    Motorraum, Mercedes-Benz Typ MB 280 bzw. 280 C, aus den Jahren 1971 bis 1976
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    Mercedes-Benz Typ 200 Polizeistreifen-Wagen aus dem Jahre 1970.
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    Mercedes-Benz 280 E 114 series, 1972 The external distinguishing feature of the 280 / 280 E series 114 is the rear bumper extending to the wing.
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    Mercedes-Benz models 280, 280 E
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    Mercedes-Benz Typ 220 der Baureihe 115. Fahrgestell für Sonderaufbauten "Miesen", 1968.
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    Mercedes-Benz Typ 220 der Baureihe 115. Fahrgestell für Sonderaufbauten Miesen, 1968
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    For the last trip: Funeral vehicle on a Mercedes-Benz 230/8 chassis, built by Pollmann in 1968.
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    Mercedes-Benz Limousine der Baureihe 114, 115. Fahrgestell für Sonderaufbauten Miesen, 1968
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    For the last trip: Funeral vehicle on a Mercedes-Benz 230/8 chassis, built by Pollmann in 1968. Mercedes-Benz W 115
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    Mercedes-Benz Typ 220 D (Baureihe 114, 115), 1967.
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    The two millionth Mercedes-Benz passenger car came off the production line in Daimler-Benz AG's Sindelfingen plant since production resumed in 1946. The milestone model - a "new-generation" Mercedes-Benz 220 D (115 series). 1968
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    Mercedes-Benz 200 - 250 saloon underside, (series 114, 115), 1967 - 1973
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    Mercedes-Benz 280 E The external distinguishing feature of the 280 / 280 E series 114 is the rear bumper extending to the wing.
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    Mercedes-Benz "Strich-Acht"-Limousine (Baureihe 114, 115) auf der Einfahrbahn in Untertürkheim, 1967
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    Produktion der Baureihe 115 im Jahr 1968 Endkontrolle im Werk Sindelfingen.
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    Werk Sindelfingen, Produktion, 1968 Aufsetzen der Karosserie, Baureihe 115
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    Werk Sindelfingen, Produktion, 1968 Bremskontrolle auf dem Einfahrprüfstand, Baureihe 115
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    Werbeanzeige Mercedes-Benz: "Programm des Fortschritts", Mercedes-Benz Typ 180/180 D, Typ 190/190 D, Typ 220, Typ 300 SE, Typ 220 SE Cabriolet, Typ 220 SE Coupé
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    Advertising Daimler Benz AG, General Representatives for R.S.A.: United Car and Diesel Distributors (Pty) Ltd., Pretoria: "Models 200 to 250 - spearhead of the new Mercedes-Benz Generation", Mercedes-Benz type 220 Sedan
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    Werbeanzeige Mercedes-Benz: "Einladung zur Sonderschau! Es gibt nun einmal Unterschiede in Komfort und Straßenlage. Erfahren Sie, wie groß der Unterscheid sein kann", Walter Schmidt, Vertreter der Daimler-Benz AG, Lübeck, Mercedes-Benz Typ Baureihe 114/115
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    Werbeanzeige Mercedes-Benz: "Das neue Mercedes-Programm. Niemals zuvor hat sich bei Mercedes-Benz so viel getan wie in den letzten 18 Monaten", Das Bauprogramm von 1972, W 114/115, W 116, R 107
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    Mercedes-Benz "Strich-Acht" Limousine der Baureihe W 114 auf der Einfahrbahn in Untertürkheim, 1971
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    Mercedes-Benz saloon of the 114 series, 1969. Half a tonne load (500 kg) - that's what it says in the car documents. The car pictured carries a little more. The test engineers in Sindelfingen wanted to know how strong the famous safety cell of a Mercedes still was after it had been severely deformed in an accident test - collision at 80-km/h with another vehicle. In practice, the case is quite conceivable that after a collision the car is hurled over an embankment.
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    Gegenüber einem vergleichbaren Mittelklassewagen der 1,7-Liter-Klasse mit Benzinmotor spart der Besitzer eines Mercedes-Benz 200 D bei 30.000-km Jahresleistung DM 650 pro Jahr, 1973.
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    Während in den Taxis älterer Baujahre, Mercedes-Benz der Baureihe W 110 (oberes Foto) Funkgerät, UKW-Empfänger und Taxameter nur in dem gefährdeten Kniebereich angeordnet werden konnten, sind diese für den Taxibetrieb notwendigen Zusatzausrüstungen beim Taxi International praxisgerecht und sicher über dem Getriebetunnel angeordnet. Mercedes-Benz Baureihe W 115 (unteres Foto), 1968.
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